Brewing

4 Reasons to brew your own beer

Posted by Jillian Brandon on 25 August, 2015

The Best Beer You Can Get

There’s no doubt about it, a carefully constructed home brew that you have created yourself is just as good, if not better than any you can buy. Just like whenever you make or craft something yourself there is much more satisfaction cracking the cap off a beer you have brewed yourself.

Brew What You Want

This is a major positive for brewing your own beer. You don’t have to settle for what is available in the stores because you can get creative, the possibilities are endless

Save Some Money

This is probably one of the biggest reasons a lot of people say why they start home brewing and that’s because it’s true. The raw ingredients to make beer are a tiny fraction of what the cost of the final product is. This is the primary reason why many other home brewers I know began brewing.

Be Sociable

Home brewing can be one of the most social enterprises you can start. First off when you start telling your friends you have just made 5 gallons of beer you will notice they start taking a sudden interest and maybe arrange a get together. There is no doubt that giving your friends a beer you have crafted yourself will impress them to no end.

Along with this, if you are inclined there are all sorts of brewing competitions you can get involved in. This brings you together with other people who all share your desire to create great beer and a whole sense of competition and camaraderie that will mean you meet new friends and maybe more importantly, improve your home brewing.

Comparing and selecting Hops

Posted by Jillian Brandon on 25 August, 2014

Name
Alpha Acid %
Typical Beer Styles
Possible Substitutions
Flavor Description
Admiral (U.K.)
13.5%-16%
Ale
U.K. Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. Challenger
Known for its bittering potential.
Ahtanum
4%-6.3%
 
 
Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
Amarillo
8%-9%
Ale, IPA
Cascade, Centennial
Citrusy, flowery.
Bramling Cross (U.K.)
5%-7%
ESB, bitter, pale ale
U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress, Whitbread Golding Variety
Quite mild, fruity currant aroma.
Brewer's Gold
7%-8.5%
English ale
Bullion
Bittering hop with neutral aroma character.
Brewer's Gold (German)
6%-7%
Ale, heavier German-style lagers
Northdown, Northern Brewer, Galena, Bullion
Black currant, fruity, spicy.
Bullion
6.5%-9%
IPA, ESB, stout
Columbus, Northern Brewer, German Brewer's Gold
A rich hop primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.
Cascade
4.5%-7%
Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywine
Centennial, Amarillo, possibly Columbus
Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.
Centennial
8%-11.5%
All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer
Cascade, possibly Columbus
Medium with floral and citrus tones.
Challenger (U.K.)
6.5%-8.5%
English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter
U.S. or German Perle, Northern Brewer
Mild to moderate, quite spicy.
Chinook
10%-14%
Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lager
Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer, U.K. Target
Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.
Cluster
5.5%-8.5%
Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager)
Galena
Medium and quite spicy.
Columbus
11%-16%
IPA, pale ale, stout
Nugget, Chinook, U.K. Target, Northern Brewer
Pleasant, with pungent aroma.
Crystal
2%-4.5%
Lager, pilsner, ESB
Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, Hallertauer
Mild and pleasant, spicy and flowery.
Eroica
9%-12%
Wheat
Galena, Nugget, Chinook
Strong but pleasant aroma.
First Gold (U.K.)
6.5%-8.5%
Ale, ESB
U.K. Kent Golding, maybe Crystal
A little like Golding family; spicy.
Fuggle (U.S.)
4%-5.5%
Any English-style beer or American ale
U.K. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. Tettnanger
Mild and pleasant, earthy and fruity.
Fuggle (U.K.)
4%-5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager
U.S. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding
Mild, pleasant, hoppy, and robust.
Galena
10%-14%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter
Nugget, Pride of Ringwood, Chinook
Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Golding (U.S.)
4%-6%
Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beer
U.K. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle family
Mild, extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.
Hallertauer (U.S.)
3.5%-5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Liberty, Ultra, Hallertauer Tradition
Very mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.
Hallertauer Gold
6%-6.5%
 
Crystal, Mt. Hood
Known for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
3%-5.5%
Lager, bock, wheat, maybe pilsner
Liberty, German Tradition, Ultra
Mild and pleasant.
Hallertauer Tradition (Ger.)
3.5%-5.5%
Mild-flavored beers
Crystal, Liberty
Known for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Hersbrucker (German)
3%-5.5%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Mt. Hood, French Strisslespalt
Mild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.
Horizon
11%-14%
Ale, lager
Magnum or a high-alpha hop
Pleasantly hoppy.
Kent Golding (U.K.)
4%-5.5%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter
U.S. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress
Gentle, fragrant, and pleasant.
Liberty
3%-6%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Hallertauer Tradition, Hallertauer, Mt. Hood
Mild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.
Magnum
13%-15%
All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout
Northern Brewer
Known for bittering value and quality.
Mt. Hood
3%-8%
Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat
Crystal, French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker
Mild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.
Northdown (U.K.)
7.5%-9.5%
All ales, porter
 
Fruity with some spiciness.
Northern Brewer (U.S.)
6%-10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer
Nugget, Chinook
Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer (German)
7%-10%
ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter
Chinook, U.S. Northern Brewer
Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northwest Golding
4%-5%
Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter
 
Known for aromatic properties.
Nugget
11%-14.5%
Light lager
Columbus, Chinook, U.K. Target, Galena
Quite heavy and herbal.
Olympic
11%-13%
 
Chinook
Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
Perle (U.S.)
6%-9.5%
Pale ale, porter, German styles
Northern Brewer, Cluster, Galena, Chinook
Known for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.
Perle (German)
6%-8.5%
Pale ale, porter, lager
U.S. Perle, Northern Brewer
Moderately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.
Phoenix (U.K.)
4.2%-5.5%
All ales
U.K. Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Challenger
Similar to U.K. Challenger.
Pioneer (U.K.)
8%-10%
Ale, ESB
U.K. Kent Golding
A mild, typical English aroma.
Polish Lublin
3%-4.5%
Pilsner
U.S. Saaz, Czech Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger
Mild and typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.
Pride of Ringwood (Australia)
7%-10%
Australian lager
Galena, Cluster
Quite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.
Progress (U.K.)
5%-7.5%
Ale, bitter, ESB, porter
U.K. Kent Golding, Fuggle
Moderately strong, good aroma.
Saaz (Czech)
3%-4.5%
Pilsner
U.S. Saaz, Polish Lublin
Very mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.
Saaz (U.S.)
3%-5%
Pilsner, lager, wheat
Czech Saaz, Polish Lublin
Mild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.
Santiam
5%-7.9%
Lager, American ale, pilsner
German Tettnanger, German Spalt, German Spalt Select
Noble characteristics.
Satus
12.5%-14%
 
Galena
Known for its bittering and aromatic properties.
Simcoe
12%-14%
 
 
A bittering and aromatic hop.
Spalt (German)
4%-5.5%
Lager
U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Select
Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy.
Spalt Select (German)
4%-6%
Lager, and any beer where noble aroma is wanted
U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt
Very fine Spalter-type aroma.
Spalt Select (U.S.)
3%-5%
German lagers
Tettnanger, Saaz
Medium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.
Sterling
6%-9%
Lager, ale, pilsner
Saaz, Polish Lublin
Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
Strisslespalt (France)
3%-5%
Pilsner, lager, wheat
Mt. Hood, Crystal, Hersbrucker
Medium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.
Styrian Golding (Slovenia)
4.5%-6%
All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager
U.S. Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, Willamette
Delicate, slightly spicy.
Target (U.K.)
9.5%-12.5%
All ale and lager
Fuggle, Willamette
Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
Tettnanger (U.S.)
3.4%-5.2%
German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat
German Spalt, Czech Saaz Santiam
An aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.
Tettnanger (German)
3.5%-5.5%
Lager, ale
German Spalt, German Spalt Select, U.S. Tettnanger, Saaz
Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.
Tomahawk
15%-17%
Ale
Columbus
Primarily a bittering hop.
Tradition (German)
5%-7%
Lager, pilsner
Hersbrucker, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
Very fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Ultra
2%-4.1%
Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales
Liberty, Hallertauer Tradition, Saaz
Very good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Vanguard
4%-5.67%
 
Saaz, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
Aroma similar to continental European types.
Warrior
15%-17%
Ale, stout
Nugget
A bittering and aromatic hop.
WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety) (U.K.)
5%-7%
Ale
U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress
Quite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.
Willamette
3.5%-6%
Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout
U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Styrian Golding
Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.
Yakima Cluster
6%-8.5%
 
 
Used as a kettle hop for bittering.
Zeus
13%-17%
 
Columbus
Aromatic and pleasant.

What is in Beer

Posted by Lynsey Pout Pout on 17 August, 2014

Thе main ingredients fоund іn beer аrе water, malted barley, hops, аnd yeast. Thеrе аrе оthеr ingredients ѕuсh аѕ flavoring, sugar, аnd оthеr ingredients thаt аrе commonly used. Starches аrе uѕеd аѕ well, аѕ thеу convert іn thе mashing process tо easily fermentable sugars thаt wіll hеlр tо increase thе alcohol content оf beer whіlе adding body аnd flavor.

Water
Sееіng аѕ hоw beer іѕ mаіnlу composed оf water, thе source оf water аnd іtѕ characteristics hаvе а vеrу important effect оn thе character оf thе beer. A lot оf beer styles wеrе influenced bу thе characteristics оf water іn thе region. Althоugh thе effect оf minerals іn brewing water іѕ complex, hard water іѕ mоrе suited tо dark styles, whіlе soft ware іѕ mоrе suited tо light styles.

Malt
Amоng malts, barley іѕ thе mоѕt widely uѕеd due tо іtѕ high amylase content, аnd а digestive enzyme thаt facilitates thе breakdown оf starch іntо sugars. Depending оn whаt саn bе cultivated locally, оthеr malts аnd unmalted grains саn bе used, ѕuсh аѕ wheat, rice, oats, аnd rye.

Malt іѕ obtained bу soaking grain іn water, allowing іt tо germinate, thеn drying thе germinated grain іn а kiln. Bу malting thе grain, enzymes wіll eventually convert thе starches іn thе grain іntо fermentable sugars.

Hops
Sіnсе thе seventeenth century, hops hаvе bееn commonly uѕеd аѕ а bittering agent іn beer. Hops hеlр tо contribute а bitterness thаt wіll balance thе sweetness оf thе malts. Thеу аlѕо contribute aromas whісh range frоm citrus tо herbal.

Hops аlѕо provide аn antibiotic effect thаt favors thе activity оf brewer's yeast оvеr thе lеѕѕ desirable microorganisms. Thе bitterness іn beer іѕ nоrmаllу measured оn thе International Bitterness Units scale.

Yeast
Yeast іѕ а microorganism that's responsible fоr fermentation. Specific strains оf yeast аrе chosen depending оn thе type оf beer produced, аѕ thе twо main strains аrе ale yeast аnd lager yeast, wіth оthеr variations аvаіlаblе аѕ well.

Yeast helps tо metabolise thе sugars thаt аrе extracted frоm thе grains, аnd produces alcohol аnd carbon dioxide аѕ а result. Bеfоrе thе functions оf yeast wеrе understood, аll fermentations wеrе dоnе uѕіng wild оr airborne yeasts.

Clarifying agent
A lot оf brewers prefer tо add оnе оr mоrе clarifying agents tо beer thаt aren't required tо bе published аѕ ingredients. Examples include Isinglas finings, whісh аrе obtained frоm swim bladders оf fish аnd Irish moss, whісh іѕ а type оf red alga.

Sіnсе thеѕе ingredients саn bе obtained frоm animals, thоѕе whо аrе concerned wіth еіthеr thе uѕе оr consumption оf animal products ѕhоuld obtain detailed information frоm thе brewer.